After a deep economic crisis Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County has changed. Instead of mining and steel industry the chemical industry and mechatronics have the main role. New activities have appeared: nano-technology, environmental industry.
The beautiful mountains, the thermal-water, the rich history of this county offer a pleasant time of tourists.
Chamber of Commerce and Industry for Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County works for economic development of the county and expects the investors, business partners and visitors.
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Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County – the centre of the North-Hungarian region – is the second largest area in Hungary with its area of 7247 km2 and this is one of the most densely populated counties with its population of 738 thousand people. It borders Slovakia in the north, its natural borderline in the south-south-east is the river Tisza. County seat Miskolc is situated at the foot of mountain Bükk and it is the economic, cultural and traffic centre of the County. Miskolc is well obtainable from Budapest by car in 100-120 minutes, or by the hourly Inter City trains in 120 minutes. The E71 international main road passes through the County area and ensures traffic connection with Slovakia and Poland. The M3 motorway connects the County with our capital Budapest, and continually through Nyíregyháza with the Ukrainian border, as well as through Debrecen with the Romanian border. Miskolc can easily reach from the international airports, in 2 hours from the Ferihegy Airport in Budapest, and in 1 hour from the terminals of Debrecen and Kassa (Kosice). There is an illustrious military airport in Mezőkövesd with excellent givens, its utilization is the main task of the next few years.
The predominance of agglomeration around Miskolc and the mass of small and dwarf villages characterize the County’s settlement structure. The number of the settlements is one and a half times more than the country average. 25% of the population lives in Miskolc, and nearly the quarter of the population live in the County’s other 23 cities, the population of 34% of the settlements does not reach 500 persons.
The County is one of the most varied one in Hungary concerning its climatic, geographical and natural features. Due to its location it belongs to the Northern Middle Mountain Chain being rich in natural resources. Its north part has a mountainous or hilly character, being divided by valleys and basins, its southern part is a plain. Its highest points can be found in Mountain Bükk with 959 m and in Mountain Zemplén with 896 m.
The County’s more important towns are Miskolc, Ózd, Kazincbarcika, Mezőkövesd, Tiszaújváros és Sátoraljaújhely, in these towns the industrial activity is very pregnant. On border-line of Mountain Zemplén and the Great Hungarian Plain Sátoraljaújhely, Sárospatak, Szerencs and Tokaj make a chain of historical towns. These towns are parts of the wine-district of Tokaj. The other little towns have basically agricultural nature with village conditions.
In the Valley of the river Sajó brown coal has been being mined since the second half of the 19 century. In the basin of Bükkalja important lignite resources were exploited by opencast mining. Mountains Bükk and Aggtelek have a limestone and dolomite base mined in several places for decoration of buildings and for producing caustic lime and cement. Other mineral raw materials are also can be found in the county: gypsum-anhydride, limestone, dolomite and marl, andesite, various kinds of mixed minerals, bentonite, kaolin, diatomite, perlite, rhyolite-tufa, zeolite. There are important gravel and sand resources in the valley of rivers Sajó and Hernád. Among natural treasures forests covering majority of mountains, beech, oak and pine trees are to be lumbered, mineral water, medicinal water and thermal water sources (Mezőkövesd, Miskolc-Tapolca, Sárospatak, Bogács, Kács, Kéked, Erdőbénye) can be mentioned. Rivers of the County (Sajó, Bódva, Hernád and Bodrog) belong to water catchment of river Tisza. For utilization of smaller rivers catchments basins were built (Rakaca, Lázbérc).